Liridon Lika (2023)
Working on Europe Paper Series, paper number: 5/2023
This working paper analyses the impact of the Berlin Process on the Western Balkan states (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia) covering the 2014-2021 period. The Berlin Process is a German-led multilateral diplomatic initiative which has been launched in 2014 and supported by other European Union (UE) member states. It is a multilateral intergovernmental initiative which aimed to encourage cooperation as well as the multiplication of contacts and interactions between actors through summits diplomacy. This working paper focuses on the impact of the Berlin Process on the Western Balkans examining the main aspects: regional cooperation, connectivity agenda and reconciliation through the Regional Youth Cooperation Office (RYCO). In terms of impact, the Berlin Process shows mixed results both in regional cooperation, connectivity in the field of transport and reconciliation.
Keywords: Berlin Process, Western Balkans, European integration, Regional Cooperation, Interconnectivity, Reconciliation.